This project discussed the attitude of primary school teachers toward the teaching of moral education in Atiba local government, Oyo. The researcher made use of questionnaire for the collection of data with the use of frequency distribution table and percentage method. The results showed that lack of adequate parental care is the course of immorality among pupils also high level of corruption in the society cause immorality among pupils. It was recommended that both the parents and the laboratory instruction strategy of teachers should endeavour in making adequate provision for school subject textbooks for the pupils so that they will be well awarded. The government and philanthropist should be able to provide some materials that are necessary such as radio reorder, projector, television, films, trips and charts so as to have effective teaching in primary schools.
Immorality could be termed as inability to train the mind and character. A state of immorality could be defined as the uncontrolled conduct either by individual or any other external body.
However, everybody that fails to abide with any control of conduct either by himself or any external authority is said to be lacking moral education.
Moral education means a system of guiding the individual to make reasonable and responsible decision. It can also be seen as the means by which a person is trained in orderliness, good and conduct and the habit of getting the best out of individuals. And in classroom teaching able goods as a means of control of class to achieve desirable goods, as a means of features of the school life. In general, moral education involves self control. A moral education individual knows and takes the right course of action.
Moral education behaviour, involves characteristics such as self sacrifice, diligence, cooperation, integrity consideration for others, fear of god and sympathy. All this is transferred to the school because education sees the school as a miniatures society where we have people of different character from parents and background natural tendency and behaviours.
The school as also sees as an agent socialization to the individuals who are said to have involvement in the affairs of the school may include: academic staff, pupils, food vendors, parents, occasional visitor summit society which are generally referred to as rules and regulation designed for easy control, coordinators, management and co-existence at the people in the school (not the pupils alone but for the generality of the people in the school) to guide and check excess and maintain uniformity in behaviour of the people in the school. That is why the mode of life in school differ from each other for example in one school, any pupils that come half past seven in the morning can be regarded as being late to the school, where as the time stipulated may be eight o’clock in some schools.
Anybody, there fore found going or deviating from such acceptable or accepted norms and regulations of the school is said to be immorality. Not withstanding, there are some generally, acceptable or accepted rules and regulations common to almost all the schools particularly the school visited for this study. The fact of immorality being noticed include stealing, fighting, examination malpractices, truancy, disobeying teacher. All these are not strange in schools.
Also, there are many social ills and vice which have plagued our societies nowadays and which are by products of immorality these includes drug trafficking, robbery, embezzlement, assault, laxity, lateness to duty, adultery and fornication, gabbling, abortion e.t.c.
However, immorality could also be perceived as problems of human behaviour or moral education lead progress in any society including schools, immorality leads to breath down of law and order it also leads to pupils astray, this goes against social convention, it is then possible for one to believe that there are accepted norms or what is known as rules and regulations which tends towards fostering proper co-existence and good interaction among the dwellers and the members of society concerned are aware of the rules and regulations which are made to their own advantages, why friends we have deviants? “It is their idea that brings us to the question of what are the causes of this act of immorality in school”.
Is it true that people are deliberately violating or deviating from the rules? If yes, what can be said to be responsible for such deliberate deviant action? Are they forced to be so by curtaining factor what are the factor? What can parents do to help this situation what can teacher’s do?
All the above questions are what will be examined and fully ensures at the end of the study.
It is true that it has been identified any general accepted that there are many of some act of immorality in our primary school nowadays as compared with what has been the case in some years, people are also aware at the spread of his immorality.
Many Nigerian youths are found of exhibiting unruly attitude reasons for this may be as a result of training they receive in school. It is therefore necessary to find out what teachers’ attitude for promoting morals among primary school pupils.
The purpose of undertaking this research study stated as following.
- To identify major attitude of primary school teachers toward the teaching of moral education. Especially in Atiba local government, Oyo.
- To examine the factors which are responsible for such acts of immorality
- To suggest ways of curbing immorality among the primary school pupils generally and particularly in Atiba local government, Oyo.
- To find out the causes and effects of immorality among pupils.
This research study will provided answers to the following questions.
- Does immorality lead to poor academic performance of pupils?
- What are the causes of immorality among pupils?
- How can problems of immorality be solved our primary school?
- SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The identification of the causes of the immorality as it affects the performances of pupils in our primary schools will help the teachers and the pupils in the classroom process and there by improve the pupil’s performance in our primary school for better.
The study will also help the educational planner and educational researchers to know the short coming and inadequacies drawing back educational progress in primary schools.
This will also plant the spirit of culture preservation in youth more over added to reality of exported behaviour from these pupils.
- SCOPE AND LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY
The area of study of this project is Atiba local government, Oyo, Oyo state.
The schools used are as follow
- L.A Primary School Isale Oyo
- L.A Primary School Koso
- L.A Primary School Oke-Olola
- Isale Oyo Community Basic School
Therefore, twenty (20) teachers were selected form each school to administer the questionnaire.
It is worthy to note that the researcher is capacitated in terms of money, time and energy, which a more elaborate researcher entails. These constraints confine the study to some selected primary schools in Atiba Local Government, Oyo.
1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS
Immorality: – Inability to train the mind and character to enable the child behaves responsible and confirms to rules and norms of a particular social system immorality methods have many characteristics such as self-manipulation, negligence, truancy, lateness, bullying, and drunkenness e.t.c.
Self-Manipulation:- This is an act of controlling one’s action.
Negligence: – This has to do with the case of situation of being careless in any undertaking, that is to say not taking or showing enough care.
Truancy: – Is the act of purposely staying away from school without permission, so this act of making absent from the school.
Lateness: – This act of getting to a place of doing something at eleventh hour (late time).
Stealing: – Taking another person’s property without permission e.g library book dodging, lesson and leaving school without schedule.
Bullying: – Using strength or power to frighten others who are weaker than himself, a person, especially a school boy who uses strength to hurt weaker people or make them afraid.
Impressionists: – This is when the teacher emphasized and uses pupil’s personality as a means of fostering moral education.
Emancipationists: – Means complete of freedom of the pupils where everybody will be given some rights opportunities.
Phlebotomizes: – This is act of secretly planning to do something unlawfully.
Thuggery: – This is the use of violence for criminal purposes.