This paper compares and examines the performance of secondary school students who were candidates in food and nutrition examinations of both the West African Examination Council (WAEC) and National Examination Council (NECO) from. Through quantitative analysis, the researcher thoroughly examined and analyzed results and statistics from both examining bodies in Nigeria, and to also identify margin of errors recorded in the chosen study areas. The researcher undertook a quantitative analysis of the performance of candidates who wrote the food and nutrition examinations so as to establish their comparability for control purposes. The research design was correlation. The instruments for data collection included WAEC and NECO results forms. Findings indicated a statistically significant level between candidate’s performance in WAEC and NECO in food and nutrition as well as performance dependency on the education policies and facilities provided by the state governments.
1.1 Background of the Study
the years, students’ performance appraisal and evaluation has been proven to be
a vital tool in the development and growth of educational systems in Nigeria.
The performance of secondary school students who enroll as candidates for both
WAEC and NECO need to be properly examined to check against factors that
negatively bring about deviations in the two examinations as well as develop
measures to optimize performances in these two examination bodies. As globalization is fast
appearing real, Nigeria has to step up the standards of her examination bodies,
compare results and performances of students over time, and establish good
control systems for its examining bodies so as to meet international standards
and eliminate the ‘WAEC and NECO discrimination’ which is currently preventing
our secondary school students from gaining admission to some universities outside
Nigeria (Ololube, 2013).
assemblage of subject examinations conducted by these examining bodies is known
as the Senior Secondary School Certificate Examination (SSCE) and serves as an
end-of-course evaluation for all secondary school graduates. The purpose of
this examination is to ascertain to what degree students in a particular course
have achieved the course or educational objectives (Harbor, 2011). In view of the economic and social importance attached to
senior secondary school certificates, and the opportunities for higher
education for those who posses such certificates, the awarding of this
certificate is one of the most important events in the Nigerian academic
calendar. It thus goes without saying that much is expected from certificate examining
and awarding bodies in terms of ensuring that the spirit and focus of the
examinations is not misplaced. Various studies matching
performance of secondary school students in WAEC and NECO SSCE have received
much attention over the years. With the creation of the West African
Examination Council, it became necessary for the government and other stake
holders in the education sector to monitor and control the activities of these
examination bodies to ensure that international standards are met.
like James Falaye et al.
(2015) are one of the pioneers on
studies involving comparing performance of secondary school students in WAEC
and NECO. In their first research titled ‘appraising the performance of
secondary school students, they found out in their hypothesis that
there was a statistically significant positive relationship
between candidates’ performance on the WAEC SSCE and NECO SSCE at 0.05
alpha level. This positive relationship means that candidates who scored
well on WAEC’s SSCE also did well on NECO’s SSCE. Those that performed
averagely on WAEC’s SSCE, performed likewise on NECO’s SSCE and so on. The
degree of association or linkage between WAEC’s food and nutrition SSCE
and NECO’s food and nutrition SSCE was 0.475. The coefficient of
alienation 1 − r 2 was found to be 0.89. The percentage of association (r2 x
100) was 21.62%. This value represents the magnitude of the relationship
between candidates’ Mathematics performance on WAEC’s SSCE and their
corresponding Mathematics performance on NECO’s SSCE.
literature on secondary schools’ students performance in WAEC and NECO is not
much, the significance of the few published are invaluable to our society.