This research studies conflict management in Anambra state. a study of Umuleri and Aguleri conflicts which focus on the Umuleri and Aguleri communities’ experience. Both communities were engulfed in intractable conflicts over the ownership of Otuocha land. Aside the contest over land, both communities have been engaged in the reconstruction of their history with each claiming to be the direct descendant of Eri. The research adopts qualitative evaluation method. The research basically draws from primary and secondary sources. The research hypothesized that conflict management in Anambra state is the major ingredients in conflict resolution. The research from its findings discovered that good governance promotes peace in Umuleri and Aguleri and can be achieved through a transparency and accountability, Respect for the rule of law, prudent management of resources, strict adherence to the principle of federal character in appointments. It further discovered that conflict management in A
to the Study
has become an evitable phenomenon in human existence. As long as there are
social relationships between individuals and groups in the society, conflict
will persist. Although, conflict often initiates change in society, its violent
form is negative and reverses societal progress, promoting poverty and anarchy.
There is no doubt that violent conflict has wreaked havoc on our communal and
national social fabrics since 1999, in particular, when electoral democracy was
enthroned in Nigeria (Ake, 1985).
the problem of underdevelopment in Nigeria is micro nationalism, ethnic,
religious and communal conflicts which pose great threat to peace, security and
progress. The conflict in Umuleri and Aguleri had closed the doors of
friendship, interaction and rapport among the various ethnic groups in the
nation. Therefore, attempts at promoting peaceful co-existence among the
various identities that exists in the nation becomes contradictory if not elusive
as various ethnic, religious, political, economic and social catastrophe keep
one reoccurring in the polity (Fayeye, 2011).
has compounded the situation of insecurity in Nigeria’s fragile federal system
which, over the years, has experienced ethnic, religious and political crises
of monumental proportions. The most devastating amongst these have been
communal conflicts in all parts of the country. The frequent occurrence of
conflict in Nigeria in recent times is a threat not only to democracy but also
to the corporate existence of the country as a political entity. Since good
governance is an essential ingredient in the promotion of peaceful coexistence
in the society given its indispensable elements of rule of law, human right
protection, free and fair election, accountability, independent court of law as
well as creating the right environment for socio-economic development
state commissioner for information and public enlightenment, Don Adinuba said
that the swift resolution of the crisis followed the directive by Governor
Willie Obiano to the Anambra State Security Council, urging it to bring the
crisis to an end immediately. The commissioner added that the governor also
directed the council to find out the immediate and remote causes of the crisis
and proffer suggestions on how to address them to avoid a similar crisis in
future. Adinuba said: “Following the governor’s directive, the Anambra State
Commissioner of Police, the state Director of the Department of State Security,
the Commanders of the Army and Naval formations in the state, the state
Commandant of the National Security and Civil Defence Corps, the Special
Adviser to the governor on Security, as well as the Special Assistant to the
governor on Security, led other State Security Council members to end the
dispute quickly (Galtung, 1990).
discussions were held with leaders of Anam community and those of the herdsmen.
It was apparent that the crisis was precipitated by the entry of some herdsmen
from a neighbouring state into Anambra State without following the protocol
guiding the conduct of herdsmen in the state. “For instance, they entered Anam
without informing the local leaders of the herdsmen association, who would have
registered them as members and inform them of the rules of doing cattle
business in Anambra State. The consequence was that the new entrants violated
the rules in a repugnant manner and caused a breach of the peace.
people and government of Anambra State deeply regret the occurrence. While
commiserating with victims, we will not leave any person or group of persons in
doubt about the determination and capacity of the state government to bring the
culprits to book and make them feel the full weight of the law.” According to
the commissioner, Anambra State had for years, adopted a Code of Conduct for
herdsmen and crop farmers in the state, which had proved exceedingly effective
in determining the excellent relations between the groups, adding that the
faithful implementation of the code was one of the reasons the state had over
the years been free of clashes between herdsmen and crop farmers, as
experienced in different parts of the country.
community leaders have petitioned the Commissioner of Police in Anambra over an
alleged breach of peace agreement by Aguleri people, with whom they have been
at loggerheads in respect of the disputed Aguakor Umueri land (Ibeanu, 2005).
is the country home of Blessed Michael Iwene Tansi, the beatified Roman
Catholic Priest, and Gov. Willie Obiano and both communities are in Anambra
East Local Government Area of the state. A renewed clash earlier this year in
which a few people sustained injuries and some houses destroyed, was
successfully quelled following the intervention of state government and the
Police. However, in a petition to the Commissioner of Police, signed by the
President-General of Umueri General Assembly, Chief Pius Okonkwo and the
Secretary-General, Mr. Samuel Mbukwesili, raised an alarm that the clash might
petition dated July 4, 2018, and made available to newsmen on Monday in Awka,
alleged that Aguleri people had forcefully entered the disputed land. They also
claimed that Aguleri people and their armed thugs were threatening the peace
and tranquility of people in the area. “Pursuant to our earlier letter, you
directed that Umueri and Aguleri people should desist from entering into the
area of land in Aguakor Umueri land (from Otuocha-Oye Agu Road to the fish
market up to the Otuocha Township Stadium).
should construct any building or carry out any activity therein so as to ensure
peaceful co-existence between the two communities. “To our chagrin and in total
disregard to the peace committee, Aguleri people and their armed thugs have
continued to enter into the disputed area of land in Aguakor Umueri and are
carrying on construction works daily on the land.’’ The Umuleri leaders further
stated that the people of Aguleri were usually well armed with guns to scare
Umueri people away and threaten to kill any Umueri indigene who challenged
them. “Umueri people are peace-loving and law-abiding; thus, our obedience to
your directives and respect to the peace committee, are practical proof.
therefore, appealed to the commissioner of police to urgently call Aguleri
people to order, noting that their conduct was likely to trigger another
inter-communal crisis between the two neighboring communities. The development
attracted the attention of the Police Command, which prevailed on the two
communities to sign a peace agreement to ensure tranquility. Meanwhile, in his
reaction, Chief Emmanuel Ikem, the Deputy President-General of Aguleri Town
Union dismissed as false the breach claim by Umuleri people. “The Umuleri
people are crying wolf where there is none; no Aguleri man or woman had entered
the disputed Aguakor Umueri land, rather it is the people of Umuleri that
violate the principle of the peace agreement.
Resolve or Manage Conflict are:
- Embrace conflict.
When conflict arises, don