Home Project-material FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO COMMERCIAL SEX WORK AMONG UNDERAGE GIRLS; THE CASE OF DAGORETTI REHABILITATION SCHOOL IN NAIROBI COUNTY

FACTORS CONTRIBUTING TO COMMERCIAL SEX WORK AMONG UNDERAGE GIRLS; THE CASE OF DAGORETTI REHABILITATION SCHOOL IN NAIROBI COUNTY

Dept: SOCIOLOGY File: Word(doc) Chapters: 1-5 Views: 7

Abstract

The main objective of this study was to establish factors contributing to Commercial Sexual Exploitation of girls. The study had four specific objectives, namely establishing factors contributing to commercial sexual exploitation of underage girls, the agents involved in the planning, organizing and execution of commercial sexual exploitation of underage girls, understanding how commercial sexual exploitation of underage girls is planned, organized, and executed by agents. The other objective of this study was to identify policy gaps in the already existing policy frameworks developed to combat Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children. The research questions were derived from the above objectives. The research adopted a qualitative study design. The targeted population was government officers, especially those involved in child welfare programmes and girls undergoing rehabilitation at Dagoretti Rehabilitation School. Respondents were randomly and purposively sampled wher

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION

1:1 Background of the study

According to the World Congress against Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children,

held in Stockholm in 1996, Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC) is

defined as:”Sexual abuse by the adult and remuneration in cash or kind to the child or a

third person or persons. The child is treated as a sexual object and as a commercial

object” (Clift and Carter 2000). Commercial sexual exploitation of children includes the

sex trade of children, child pornography, child sex tourism and other forms of

transactional sex where a child engages in sexual activities to have key needs fulfilled,

such as food, shelter or access to education. It includes forms of transactional sex where

the sexual abuse of children is not stopped or reported by household members, due to

benefits derived by the household from the perpetrator. CSEC also potentially includes

arranged marriages involving children under the age of 18 years, where the child has not

freely consented to marriage and where the child is sexually abused (Clift and Carter

2000).

A child is defined as “every human being below the age of 18 years unless, under the law

applicable to the child, majority is attained earlier” (UNICEF 2009:13).An estimated 10

million children worldwide are engaged in some facet of the commercial sex industry.

Each year at least one million children, mostly girls become commercial sex workers. It

has been estimated that about 300,000 children in the U.S are at risk every year for

commercial sexual exploitation (USA Department of Justice, Dec 2007).In Thailand for

instance, 10-12 year old girls serve men in the commercial sex industry. They typically



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