Home Project-material INFLUENCE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF PARENTS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARYY SCHOOL PUPILS IN ANAOCHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ANAMBRA STATE

INFLUENCE OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC STATUS OF PARENTS ON THE ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE OF PRIMARYY SCHOOL PUPILS IN ANAOCHA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, ANAMBRA STATE

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Abstract

The main purpose of the study was to determine the influence of parents’ socio-economic status on the academic performance of primary school pupils in Anaocha Local Government Area of Anambra State. Three research questions guided the study and two hypotheses were tested at 0.05 level of significance. Descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study comprised all the Headmasters/Headmistresses and teachers at the eight (8) public primary schools in Anaocha Local Government Area. A researcher-developed questionnaire containing 17 items was validated by experts in the Department of Early Childhood and Primary Education and in the Measurement and Evaluation Unit. The validated questionnaire was used to collect data for the study. Frequency, mean and standard deviation were used to analyze the data collected while z-test was used to test the hypotheses. Findings revealed that parents’ occupation, family size and parents’ level of education in

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background of the Study

Education is very important for the economic development of any nation in the world. An educated population is an asset to the future development of a country. The basis of an educated population is the performance at the primary school level (Fajoju, Aluede &Ojugo, 2016). They further stated that Primary education plays important role in human capital development which cannot be underscored. According to the Federal Republic of Nigeria FRN (2013) National Policy on Education, primary education is the education given in institutions for children aged 6-11years plus. Atieno (2011) noted that primary education lays the foundation upon which social and political development of a nation is founded.

The academic performance of any primary school pupil is highly influenced by its parents socio-economic status, it is therefore worthy to note that anything that affect the developmental environment of the children will affect their education. Murithi (2015) averred that parents have a role to play in ensuring high academic performance in their children’s education. Such roles according to him include the provision of learning materials, helping the children with homework and assignment at home, building a parent-teacher relationship and ensuring the prompt payment of their children’s school fees.

Socio-economic status is defined as a definite background variable that represents a feature of the social structure in society (Adeniyi, 2015). It is a fact that families where the parents are privileged educationally, socially and economically promote a higher level of achievement in their offspring. It is understood that low socio-economic status may negatively and depressingly affects students‘ academic achievement because due to low socio-economic status, a student does not have access to important resources and this generates additional stress and tension at home (Engin-Demir, 2009). Farooq, Chaudhry, Shafiq and Berhanu (2011) stated that students may not show effective academic performance in school whose parental socio-economic status is low. Socio-economic status is the combination of economic and sociological measures of an individual‘s work experience and the economic and social position of an individual or family in relation to others on the basis of income, educational level and occupational status. For the analysis of a family socio-economic status, the household income, education of earner and occupation are checked as well as combined income compared with an individual, when their own attributes are assessed. Socio-economic status is generally divided into two categories i.e., high socio-economic and low socio-economic, to explain the two aspects a family which an individual may fall into.

In Nigeria today rich parent can afford high school fees , textbooks, extra lessons, good feeding and upkeep money at school, domestic servants at home to relieve the pupils of home chores, while parents of pupils from poor home cannot provide all the comfort needed to improve learning. However if the pupils does not work hard despite all the good parental background they will end up not performing well and vice versa. Some poor parents lack enough resources and funds to sponsor their children’s education, medical care, good housing, facilities and social welfare services (Femi, 2012). Suleman, Aslam, Shakir, Akhtar, Hussain, & Akhtar (2012) found that those children whose socio-economic status was strong are likely to show better academic performance and those with poor socio-economic status may show poor and unsatisfactory academic performance.



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