Academic libraries play a prominent role in providing information services in various forms to researchers, scientist, policy makers, planners etc. a well-organized academic library should have ICT to assist both users and information professionals in the libraries. This research work highlights the use and problems of I.C.T in Nigeria academic libraries particular interest on Nnamdi Azikiwe University Awka. ICT facilitates access to electronic information which has become invaluable and complementing traditional library resources. This study describes what an ICT is all about. It identifies the role of ICT in academic libraries to improve the standard of information in the country. This research work also describes the types of ICTs found in academic libraries and the problems facing the use of ICT and also suggests strategies on how to overcome ICT problems in Academic Libraries.
1.1 Background of study
Layman tends to equate the application of information and communication
technology ( ICT) in any profession to being online, meaning connected to the
internet. Although the internet is an integral part of the ICT, it is not all
there is to it. This paper seeks to investigate the many opportunities for the
application of ICT in Nigerian academic libraries. It is hoped that the use of
ICT in academic libraries will assist both the patrons and the library and
information professionals in the libraries.
However, what is ICT? ICT is an acronym for information and
communication technology but beyond this acronym, “there is not a universally
accepted definition of ICT why? Because
the concepts, methods and applications involved in ICT are constantly evolving on an almost daily
basis. It’s difficult to keep up with the changes that happen so fast. A good
way to think about ICT is to consider all the uses of digital
technology that already exist to help individuals, businesses and organizations
use information. ICT covers any product that will store, retrieve, manipulate,
transmit or receive information electronically in a digital form. For example
personal computer, digital television, email, robots, etc.
Also ICT is an umbrella that includes any communication device or application
encompassing radio, television, cellular phones, computer and network hardware
and software, satellite systems and so on, as well as the various services and
applications associated with them such as video conferencing and distance
From these definitions, some of the application of ICT has become clear such as
video conferencing and distance learning, both of which can be facilitated by
the academic library. Other applications of the ICT specific to libraries could
include access to online resources on the internet such as e-journals, e-books
and e-magazines, e-publishing, using CD-ROM for literature searches, access to
local or network data bases on LAN (local area network) or WAN (wide area
network). The opportunities for the application of the ICT in an academic
library especially in a developing nation like Nigeria seem endless.
The application of ICT in Nigeria academic library is justified in that it
provides access to learning resources, information and knowledge until now
inaccessible by reason of distance technology.
However, since according to the European commission the importance of ICT lies
in the technology itself in its ability to create greater access to information